What is Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism: A Guide to Thyroid Problems


Introduction to Thyroid Problems

The malfunctioning of the thyroid gland causes two types of thyroid problems which include Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism. The difference between these two thyroid disorders is one causes because of ‘over-active’ thyroid where the small thyroid gland in the neck does not function properly, known as Hyperthyroidism while Hypothyroidism causes due to an ‘under-active’ thyroid.

What is Hypothyroidism

Thyroid Problems

The main symptoms of Hyperthyroidism include mood swings, insomnia, fatigue, sensitivity to heat, loss of interest in sex, hyperactivity, and sudden weight loss whereas the common symptoms linked to Hypothyroidism are depression, weariness, sudden weight gain, muscle aches, dry skin, and rough hair, and sensitivity to cold.

What is the difference between Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism?

Hyperthyroidism indicates an overactive thyroid whereas hypothyroidism means your thyroid is underactive, or not producing enough thyroid hormone that is needed. The symptoms of hypothyroidism are not same as hyperthyroidism. This is because of instead of a revved-up metabolism; you may feel symptoms related to a sluggish metabolism with hypothyroidism.

Both these thyroid conditions cause fatigue and hair loss, but people with hyperthyroidism may experience weight loss, missed periods, and anxiety whereas the people with hypothyroidism may experience weight gain, depression, and heavy menstrual cycles.

Hypothyroidism is also far more common than hyperthyroidism. It affects about 1 in 20 people in the United States whereas hyperthyroidism is more common in women.

What is Hypothyroidism?

Hypothyroidism is a medical condition where the thyroid gland does not produce adequate thyroid hormones to meet the needs of the body. These thyroid hormones are usually known as thyroxine. The thyroid hormones control the way in which your body utilizes energy for metabolism.

Without adequate thyroxine, several bodies function slow down. The thyroid creates two different thyroid hormones which include triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) to regulate metabolism, this can affect woman holding glowing red throat, Brain development, Heart & nervous system functions Breathing, Breathing, Muscle strength, Body temperature, Skin dryness, Weight, Menstrual cycles and Cholesterol levels.

Hypothyroidism Signs

  • Nausea and Vomiting
  • Tremors
  • Excessive appetite and eating
  • Weight Gain
  • Increased bowel movement, diarrhea
  • Increased heart rate and blood pressure
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Inexplicable mood swings and irritability
  • Swollen neck
  • Protruding eyeballs, also known as Goitre
  • Feeling nervous and anxious all the time

Hypothyroidism Symptoms

The following are some of the most common warning signs of hypothyroidism:

  • Fatigue
  • Depression and anxiety
  • Weight gain
  • Infertility
  • Feeling cold
  • Constipation
  • Muscle aches and tenderness
  • Stiffness and swelling in the joints
  • Hair loss
  • Rough, cracked skin
  • Trouble breathing
  • Changes in the menstrual cycle
  • More frequent colds due to low immune function

Potential Causes of Hypothyroidism

Inflammatory disorders of the thyroid: The most common cause of hypothyroidism is a condition called Hashimoto’s thyroiditis which occurs when the thyroid becomes inflamed and is considered to be an autoimmune disorder.

When a person has Hashimoto’s, his own body essentially begins to attack itself by producing antibodies that try to destroy the thyroid gland. This reason behind this is the immune system mistakenly thinks thyroid cells are not a part of the body. Due to which it tries to remove them before they can cause damage and illness.

The problem is that this causes widespread inflammation, which results in different problems. 90 percent of people with hypothyroidism have Hashimoto’s which inflames the thyroid gland over time, but this isn’t the only cause of hypothyroidism.

Poor diet: A diet low in nutrient-rich foods, especially in iodine and selenium increases the risk for thyroid disorders. This is because the iodine and selenium can trace minerals crucial for thyroid function and this thyroid gland needs both selenium and iodine to produce adequate levels of thyroid hormones.

Hormone imbalances: In some cases, the pituitary gland makes a hormone called thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) which controls the levels of hormones that are being pumped out of the thyroid a problem with the pituitary gland can affect the thyroid function. Though it is pretty rare it is believed to be the only cause in about one in every 100 cases.

Gut inflammation (leaky gut syndrome): An unhealthy gut environment contributes to nutrient deficiencies and raises autoimmune activity in the body. It is a condition that is triggered by food sensitivities or allergies, including those to gluten and dairy.

Some other causes that are considered with damaged gut are high-stress levels, toxin overload from diet and the environment, and bacterial imbalances. When leaky gut occurs, the small particles that usually trapped inside the gut starts to leak out through tiny openings in the gut lining into the bloodstream. It creates an autoimmune cascade and a series of negative symptoms.

Genetics: Sometimes newborns are born with a dysfunction of the thyroid gland, a genetic condition called congenital hypothyroidism. Though it is not common, some evidence shows that people are more likely to develop hypothyroidism if they have a close family member with an autoimmune disease.

According to the National Institute of Health (NIH), the chance of occurrence of genetic hypothyroidism is very low and it is observed that one out of every 4,000 newborns is born with a thyroid disorder.

Pregnancy: Although it’s not exactly known why, some women during pregnancy begin to produce very high levels of thyroid hormones, followed by a very rapid decline and this condition is known as postpartum thyroiditis. Usually, after the childbirth, the condition goes away with some time.

Interactions of certain medications: Use of certain medications cause hypothyroidism, especially recovering from cancer treatments, surgery, or taking prescriptions for mental health or heart disease.

High levels of emotional stress: Stress impacts hormones and is known to worsen inflammation because stress can raise levels of cortisol and adrenaline. It is termed as worsen inflammation because it disturbs neurotransmitter function and worsens symptoms of thyroid disease which include low energy levels, poor mood, low concentration, disturbed appetite, the inability to get good sleep and weight gain.

Inactivity and lack of exercise: Exercise and a healthy diet are the most important techniques to control chronic stress and manage hormone-related neurological function. Research shows that people who regularly exercise that is usually getting better sleep, deal with stress better and usually maintain a healthier weight, too. All these exercises can reduce some of the biggest risk factors and symptoms associated with hypothyroidism.

Common Tests for Diagnosing Hypothyroidism

If you have any of the common symptoms of hypothyroidism mentioned above, you could make an appointment with your doctor to check for hypothyroidism. Your doctor can perform the following screenings:

  • A physical exam
  • A blood test
  • An imaging scan

You have hypothyroidism if these tests show an elevated thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and low levels of thyroid hormones, like free T4, total T3, or free T3.

Hypothyroidism Diet  

The following are the top foods in a hypothyroidism diet and to start the healing process. Find now diet for hypothyroid patients.

  • Wild-caught fish
  • Coconut Oil
  • Seaweeds
  • Probiotic-Rich Foods
  • Sprouted Seeds
  • Clean Water
  • High-fiber foods
  • Bone broth
  • Ancient Nutrition Bone Broth Protein
  • Fruits and Vegetables

Foods to avoid with hypothyroidism

The following are the foods that should not appear in your hypothyroidism diet:

  • Goitrogen Foods
  • Tap water
  • Gluten
  • Conventional Dairy
  • Sugar
  • Refined Flour Products

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