Get Rid of Abrasions!! Find out Now, What Should You Do For Fast curing of Abrasions?
Introduction to Abrasion:
An abrasion is a common minor injury frequently experienced by most of the children or toddlers. It results from a cut or tear to the outer or inner layers of the skin. These cuts and abrasions can be successfully treated at home, though deeper cuts may require medical intervention and take longer to heal.
Abrasions occur when the skin accidentally rubs against rough surfaces, causing a scratch or cut and can happen anywhere and at any time. Carelessness increases the risk, as completes an active lifestyle and a love of outdoor or extreme sports.
What is Abrasion?
An abrasion is a shearing injury caused by superficial damage to the skin, results in grinding or rubbing away of the upper layers of the epidermis but not extended deeper in to epidermis. It is less severe than a cut and bleeding.
They can range from mild to severe. Mild abrasions do not scar or bleed. These are also known as grazes or scrapes. But deep abrasions can form scar tissues. A more painful abrasion is that removes all layers of skin called an avulsion.
These injuries remove the barrier that protects the skin from harmful bacteria. Abrasions are most likely to occur on the:
- upper extremities
When abrasions take place by skin sliding across hard surface, it can be called road rash. However, they don’t generally cause much bleeding. Home treatment is enough for most of the abrasions.
Different Types of Grades in Abrasions:
- First-degree abrasion
A first-degree abrasion causes superficial damage to the epidermis but not deeper in to epidermis. The epidermis is the superficial layer of skin. A first-degree abrasion can be considered as mild abrasion. It won’t bleed much. First-degree abrasions are sometimes called scrapes or grazes.
- Second-degree abrasion
A second-degree abrasion causes damage to the epidermis as well as the dermis. The dermis is the second layer present just below the epidermis. A second-degree abrasion may cause mild bleed.
- Third-degree abrasion
A third-degree abrasion is a severe abrasion. It is also known as an avulsion wound. It involves tearing of the skin to the layer of tissue deeper than the dermis. It may bleed heavily and it requires more intense medical care.
Causes of Abrasions
It is common for all of us to get cuts sometimes, but some people are more prone to these injuries than others. Children, for example, almost always have some sort of minor skin damage just from playing.
Including older people and people who have delicate skin because of certain illnesses or medications are more likely to get cuts and scrapes. The following are some of the causes of Abrasions
- The skin rubbing against a rough surface forcefully
- Abrasion injuries generally cause by the skin rubbing against a rough surface
- Generally due to falls or scratching
- Trauma, fingernails, pins also causes abrasion
Signs & Symptoms of Abrasions
There are some Signs & Symptoms of Abrasions which can tell you if your wound or scrape is healing properly or not. If you observe any of the below signs to appear, your injury needs a doctor’s attention.
To stop the infection from spreading, treatment most often consists of an antibiotic cream or ointment or, in more severe cases, a prescription for oral antibiotics.
- Injuries with partial or total skin loss
- Pus or other discharge coming from the wound or scrape
- fever of 100.5 degrees F or higher
- increased redness, swelling, or pain;
- Redness spreading away from the wound.
- wound gaping where the edges do not touch
- Dirt may be embedded and cause permanent scar, if not removed during primary treatment.
- Experiencing loss of function, or weakness and numbness in the area of the wound.
- bleeding not stopping with direct pressure or the wound is spurting blood
- The wound is still not healing or has gotten worse
- The surrounding area of wound continues to remain warm and swollen
Factors Influencing Wound Repair
Abrasions can heals at different rates, depending on individual and environmental factors, which include
- The person’s general state of health
- Older people skin repairs itself at a slower rate than younger skin
- The functioning of the immune system
- Dietary factors – skin needs proper nutrition
- External temperature and weather conditions
- Stress on the injured place, such as friction
- infected wound
- Smoking and some drugs
- Pre-existing medical conditions, like some types of vascular disease.
Dos and Don’ts of Abrasions
Proper care and awareness of the severity of the wound can help prevent scarring, infection, and further damage. The following are some of the dos and don’ts to follow
- Use cloth to clean bleeding and apply pressure to stop the bleeding or elevate the area to stop the bleeding
- Don’t scrub at embedded dirt, as this can worsen the site even more.
- Use an antiseptic
- Do not pick scabs.
- Change the dressing
- Stay away from potential infections with bacteria, including Clostridium tetani, also known as tetanus, harmful bacteria found in soil.
- Ensure that the tetanus vaccinations are up to date
- Wound should not be contaminated
- Cover the wound with a proper non-stick sterile dressing
What’s Recovery like?
- Usually, most of the abrasions heal quickly with no scarring or infection. Proper treatment to the abrasion as soon as it happens will help prevent occurring of scarring or infection of the wound.
- At the time of healing, a crust-like scab will form over the wound. This scab is a natural part of the healing process and should not pick at the scab. It will fall off on its own.
Outdoor Safety Tips
Adults, especially, children often put themselves at risk of injury with their high levels of energy, endless curiosity, and remarkable ability to bounce back from stumbles and falls.
Learn how to keep you and your child safe while you are playing sports, biking, hiking, spending time near water, spending time outdoors, and Water activities etc.
Risk factors of Abrasions
There are some conditions that increase your risk of developing an infected wound, such as:
- Being Diabetic
- Person’s weakened or low immune system, which can be due to taking steroids, having chemotherapy, or contracting an autoimmune disease such as HIV
- being bitten by an animal or human
- being injured by an unclean object
- having a wound that’s large and deep
- older adult, as skin doesn’t heal quickly as well as young people
If you are in any of these high-risk categories, find out what particular precautions you should take to prevent injury from infection.
How is Scrapes Treated?
Unlike cuts, Scrapes are not deep wounds but they are still painful because they can cover a large and sensitive area of skin. Some of the ways to prevent the wound from infection are
- Cleaning: The most important part about treating a scrape is cleansing. Wound should be cleaned regularly.
- Apply Antibiotic: You may want to use an antibiotic ointment, usually available without a prescription, while the scrape is healing.
- Cover the wound: If you want to cover the scrape, some bandages contain antibiotic padding, too. Also, some commercial gauzes are available that have a coating to keep them from sticking to the wound. This will help in removing the dressing a lot easier and leaves the scab undamaged.
- Moist wound: It is important to keep the wound from drying out while it is healing because a moist wound will heal faster and have less scarring. It helps to prevent the dressing from sticking to the wound.
Stages of healing
The body starts repairing a wound immediately and the process may take days, weeks, months or even years, depending on the injury.
The basic stages of healing include:
- The body tries to maintain a normal state. Blood vessels to the wound restrict, reducing blood loss. Blood platelets gather at the site of injury to form a clot.
- The time the clot has formed, the blood vessels dilate, allowing maximum blood flow to the site. This causes inflammation or irritation. White blood cells begin cleaning the site of wound that is surrounded by bacteria, micro-organisms and other foreign agents.
- New layers of collagen are laid at the site of the wound. The new skin tissues can be formed by Capillaries.
- To reduce the size of the wound contraction occurs at the edges of the wound.
- To form the new skin, Surface skin cells move from one side of the wound to the other covering the wound with cells.
- Sometimes, the site is left with a scar depending on the injury. Generally, scar tissues are not that strong compared to undamaged skin.
Self-care for Abrasions
It is important to take special care if they get cuts or scrapes because some injuries won’t heal easily especially for the people who
- Have the wound examined by a medical professional within 24 hours to reduce risk of infections.
- Take medications that make the skin dry and delicate. To prevent infection and pain of the wound use Pain killers and antibiotics
- take medications that decrease blood clotting
- In elders, as the skin gets thinner with age and healing happens more slowly
The Foods for wound healing
The Food and nutritional choices we make influence wound healing while serious wounds enhance the energy, vitamin, mineral and protein requirements necessary to promote healing. Also, nutrients are lost in the fluid that comes from wounds.
- It is very important to eat sufficient calories of nutritious foods from a balanced diet. Plan a healthy balanced meals and snacks that include plenty of foods like protein, fruits, vegetables, dairy and grains.
- Include optimum amounts of protein in your diet. Maintain 20 to 30 grams of protein at each meal and 10 to 15 grams of protein with each snack. A piece of cooked chicken, lean meat or fish contains 20 to 25 grams of protein. One egg, a tablespoon of peanut butter and one ounce of cheese each contain 6 to 7 grams of protein. A cup of low-fat milk or yogurt contains 8 grams of protein.
- Stay well-hydrated with water and other unsweetened beverages such as tea, coffee, fresh fruit juice and milk, which also contain protein.
- It requires a higher intake of certain vitamins and minerals for recovery of some wounds. Talk with a well-known nutritionist for an individualized eating plan with optimum amounts of calories, protein, fluids, vitamins and minerals for your specific needs.
- For diabetes people, it is important to control blood sugar levels to prevent and treat a wound. Consult your physician and dietitian nutritionist to develop a personalized blood sugar management plan.
Investigations for Abrasions
- Routine blood and urine examination,
- If wound is contaminated scrapings of wound are taken for culture
- Abrasions wounds require immediate first aid treatment.
- A shearing injury that removes all layers of skin is a medical emergency.
- Wound heals at different rates, based on factors such as the person’s general health, age, diet and whether or not the wound becomes infected.
FAQs of Abrasion
- What are Stages of healing of a wound?
- A) The body begins repairing a wound immediately and the process may continue for days, weeks, months or even years, depending on the injury.
- What happens if I don’t clean my cut?
- A) Cleaning your cut is important to the wound healing process as it helps remove dirt and germs that could cause infection.
- Where to get help for abrasion?
- A) Immediately talk to your doctor or Casualty department of your nearest hospital
- Is there any risk of Abrasions?
- A) Yes, There are some circumstances that increase your risk of developing an infected wound.
- How to prevent infection of wound from spreading?
- A) To stop the infection from spreading, treatment most often consists of an antibiotic cream or ointment or, in more severe cases, a prescription for oral antibiotics. For Diabetic people, controlling blood sugar levels is one of the best ways to prevent and treat a wound.
- Can the Scar be removed?
- A) Often, most abrasions heal quickly with no scarring or infection. Sometimes, the site is left with a scar and cannot be removed depending on the injury. Generally, scar tissue is not as strong as undamaged skin.
- How much time will it take for healing the wound?
- A) Damaged skin heals at different rates, based on individual and environmental factors. Proper treatment of the abrasion as soon as it happens can help prevent the occurring of scarring or infection.
- How often should I change a bandage on a wound?
- A) Keeping your bandage fresh is an important part of the healing process. If you are involved especially in dirty activities like gardening, cover the wound and change your bandage daily.
- Can a third-degree abrasion cause death?
- A) A third-degree abrasion is called a severe abrasion. It’s also known as an avulsion wound. Heavy bleeding may occur in an avulsion and can even cause death sometimes, so it requires high medical care.
- What’s recovery like?
- A) At the time of healing, a crust-like scab will form over the wound. Formation of scab is a natural part of the healing process. Don’t try to pick at the scab. It will fall off on its own.
- Are Abrasions serious?
- A) Abrasions are not generally as serious as laceration or incision wounds until they are infected. These are the wounds that typically will not affect deeper skin layers.
- How to control bleeding of wound?
- A) Bleeding can be controlled by applying direct pressure with a sterile bandage.